Mirtha Elisa Aguadoa, Maikel González-Matosa, Maikel Izquierdo*, Juan Quintana, Mark C. Field, Jorge González-Bacerioa*
Protein Expression and Purification, (2021), 105877, 183 doi 10.1016/j.pep.2021.105877
The Leishmania major leucyl-aminopeptidase (LAPLm), a member of the M17 family of proteases, is a potential drug target for treatment of leishmaniasis. To better characterize enzyme properties, recombinant LAPLm (rLAPLm) was expressed in Escherichia coli. A LAPLm gene was designed, codon-optimized for expression in E. coli, synthesized and cloned into the pET-15b vector. Production of rLAPLm in E. coli Lemo21(DE3), induced for 4 h at 37 °C with 400 μM IPTG and 250 μM l-rhamnose, yielded insoluble enzyme with a low proportion of soluble and active protein, only detected by an anti-His antibody-based western-blot. rLAPLm was purified in a single step by immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography. rLAPLm was obtained with a purity of ~10% and a volumetric yield of 2.5 mg per liter, sufficient for further characterization. The aminopeptidase exhibits optimal activity at pH 7.0 and a substrate preference for Leu-p-nitroanilide (appKM = 30 μM, appkcat = 14.7 s−1). Optimal temperature is 50 °C, and the enzyme is insensitive to 4 mM Co2+, Mg2+, Ca2+ and Ba2+. However, rLAPLm was activated by Zn2+, Mn2+ and Cd2+ but is insensitive towards the protease inhibitors PMSF, TLCK, E−64 and pepstatin A, being inhibited by EDTA and bestatin. Bestatin is a potent, non-competitive inhibitor of the enzyme with a Ki value of 994 nM. We suggest that rLAPLm is a suitable target for inhibitor identification.
*Maikel Izquierdo and Jorge González-Bacerioa from Centro de Estudio de Proteínas, Facultad de Biología, Universidad de La Habana, Calle 25 #455 Entre I y J, Vedado, 10400, Havana, Cuba participated in the WCAIR Training programme.